Cosmetic Surgery: Causes and Outcomes

People make sacrifices to improve their physical appearance but cosmetic surgery takes the desire to look good to another level. Today I want to shed some light on cosmetic surgery that is a surgery carried out to improve individual’s physical appearance. Types of cosmetic surgeries include breast augmentation, breast reduction, eyelid surgery, liposuction, and ear reshaping (Gimlin, 2000).  The breast augmentation is aimed at increases the size of breasts by implanting additional tissues to make breasts bigger.  Breast reduction involves removing some breast tissues to reduce the size of breasts. Eyelid surgery is directed towards removing some tissue from the upper and lower eyelids with an aim of getting the lid of eye bags.  Liposuction is a surgery conducted to remove excess fat in the body. Finally, ear reshaping is carried out to bring protruding years closer to the head (Sperry et al.,2009).I believe that people should be educated on cosmetic surgery to enable them to make informed decisions regarding whether to go for the surgery or not.  Everyone in this room is affected by cosmetic surgery in one way or the other. Some of you have relatives or friends who are suffering from a cosmetic surgery that have gone bad or who have to spend enormous resources to receive a cosmetics surgery.  This topic is, therefore, relevant to each one of us due to our roles in improving the society. I have witnessed many cases of cosmetic surgery that have proved to be a burden to the concerned stakeholders that makes me competent to discuss this matter. Today I will focus on the negative ramifications of cosmetic surgery that makes it necessary for people considering undergoing the surgery to seek the relevant information before making the final decisions. The main adverse effects of the cosmetic surgery include financial impacts, health implications, and psychological ramifications.

Let us begin by looking at the financial implications of cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is a preserve for the rich due to its cost implications.  Government hospitals face resources constraints and they, therefore, cannot adequately offer cosmetic surgery services. The price of cosmetic surgery differs depending on the type of surgery and the number of times it is carried out. Also, there are additional costs associated with treatments that follow the actual strategy. For instance, breast reduction surgery is carried out once at a cost of between $5000 and $6000 (Crerand et al., 2006).  This cost only covers the surgery and not the additional nursing costs. Sometimes, a second surgery is required in case the first surgery goes bad. Such surgeries can be more expensive than the initial surgery. The fact that cosmetic surgery services are offered by private health facilities makes it hard to regulate the prices. In some cases, cosmetic surgeries go bad to an extent of putting the life of the patient at risk.  In such cases, the private institutions offering the surgery can exploit that opportunity to overcharge the patients in the name of saving a life.   People that are not financially stable may seek cosmetic surgery services that are likely to sink them in abject poverty. Such individuals become a burden to their families especially when the surgery goes bad.

In addition to the financial impacts, the surgery can have negative health implications.   Just like in other surgeries, cosmetic surgeons cannot guarantee a successful operation.  There are always chances of creating health complications during and after the surgery. Some types of cosmetic surgeries such as breast enlargement and reduction involve cutting deep into the patient’s flesh that can lead to excessive bleeding. Some patients bleed to death especially when the capacity of the health facility to offer such surgeries is in question (Heyes, 2007). Profit oriented health facilities can offer services despite not being adequately equipped to offer such services.  Apart from bleeding, other long-term negative health implications can arise from poorly performed surgeries.  The surgery can also accelerate other ailments thus complicating the patient’s health condition. Chances of contracting infections in health facilities are high as one is exposed to infections by merely   visiting a health facility during the surgery.  The health implications for cosmetic surgery are therefore diverse.

Lastly, I want to shed light on the psychological torture that is associated with cosmetic surgeries. Some patients seeking cosmetic surgery services do so with an aim of relieving psychological pressure. However,   the surgery can lead to more psychological pressure. Unsuccessful surgeries cause a condition of stress to the patients and people close to them. Some surgery failures compromise the ability of the patient to live a normal life (Glassman & Hornblass, 2002). Successful surgeries can also lead to psychological pressure. The surgeries give the patient a new appearance that can make people who were familiar with the patients before the surgery to talk about them regarding the new look. The society can be hostile to people who undergo cosmetic surgeries since it appears to be against some values. Opinions concerning the ethical position of cosmetic surgery vary among individuals and groups. Some group may be hostile against people who undergo cosmetics surgery.

I hope my talk have made each one of you to understand cosmetics surgery and its ramifications. I believe educating the public concerning cosmetic surgery can help people make informed decisions regarding the same.  In conclusion, remember you are responsible for your looks. However, the desire to improve your looks should not make your life harder or have a negative impact on people close to you.


Crerand, C. E., Franklin, M. E., & Sarwer, D. B. (2006). Body dysmorphic disorder and cosmetic surgery. Plastic and reconstructive surgery118(7), 167e-80e.

Gimlin, D. (2000). Cosmetic Surgery : Beauty as Commodity. Qualitative Sociology23(1), 77-99.

Glassman, M. L., & Hornblass, A. (2002). The lateral canthus in cosmetic surgery. Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics10(1), 29-35.

Heyes, C. J. (2007). Cosmetic Surgery And The Televisual Makeover. Feminist Media Studies7(February 2015), 17-32.

Sperry, S., Thompson, J. K., Sarwer, D. B., & Cash, T. F. (2009). Cosmetic surgery reality TV viewership: relations with cosmetic surgery attitudes, body image, and disordered eating. Annals of Plastic Surgery62(1), 7-11.



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