Climate change refers to a shift in weather patterns that is observed in the long run. These shifts have negative considering that people are not conversant with the current weather patterns. New weather trends have negative impacts on the people since they are characterized by extreme conditions. Some parts of the world have been experiencing draught that has crippled the agricultural sector. In other areas, storms and floods have been experienced leading to loss of lives and property. Climate change has been raising serious concerns making key stakeholders dedicate time resources in conducting climate change research. The research is aimed at enabling people to deal with the consequences of the climate change. As a result, a lot of research has been directed to identifying the causes of climate change with an aim of evaluating the intervention strategies that can be implemented to curb the change. Climate change is caused by natural and human factors. The natural factors have been relevant to climate change since the ancient times. However, in recent past human activities have to a great extent impacted the climate change. Climate change caused by natural forces emanates from the variability of the earth’s interactions. The interactions between the land, atmosphere and ocean vary over time thus causing a climate change (NOAA 1). Evidence shows that human activities have largely contributed to climate change. Global warming is one of the main dimensions of climate change that is raising major concerns in today’s world. It is caused by the buildup of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere. Greenhouse gasses are heavy gasses that trap solar energy in the atmosphere causing overheating of the earth. The presence of the two gasses in the atmosphere is attributed to natural and human causes. Water vapor in the atmosphere is temporary and it, therefore, does not raise major concerns in the climate change. Carbon dioxide is the main cause of climate change. Evidence shows that human activities have led to the production of excessive carbon dioxide that is leading to global warming. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 40% since the year 1900 (The Loyal Society 5). It is worth noting that the utilization of fossil fuels in internal combustion engines gained immense popularity after the year 1900 leading to carbon dioxide buildup in the atmosphere. The current climate change, therefore, emanates from human activities in different sectors and therefore need human interventions. The climate change problem can be addressed by increasing vegetation and embracing sustainability in production systems.
Carbon dioxide is consumed by plants during the photosynthesis process. The plant takes in carbon dioxide and breaks it down to into glucose and oxygen. Oxygen is released to the atmosphere while glucose is retained by the plant. A symbiotic relationship exists between plants and animals. Animals’ respiratory activities take in oxygen and generate carbon dioxide. It implies that reducing the number of animals and increasing the ground vegetation cover can lower the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, animals are not the major contributors of atmospheric carbon dioxide making it necessary to focus on other contributors such as the use of fossil fuels. Human activities have persistently increased ground cover due to farming, settlement, infrastructure development, and other economic activities. The increasing global population puts pressure on land whose supply is constant. Arable land is under pressure to produce enough food to feed the over 6.5 billion people. As a result, more land has been cleared to support agricultural activities. The increasing population has also necessitated clearing of more land to support human settlements. Implementation of housing projects reduces ground cover since forested land is cleared to pave the way for real estate projects. Other economic activities such as the building of factories and mining lead to the clearing of forested land. Governments have been investing heavily in the creation of transport, communication, and social services infrastructure that has led to the clearing of forested land. The identified activities have reduced the percentage of forest cover that is compromising the ability to reduce the level of carbon dioxide to a favorable level.
Emphasis should be put on increasing vegetation to reduce the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Governments need to enact strict laws to prevent deforestation. Developers who clear forested land should be compelled to plant more trees. The private sector should actively participate in the planting of more trees with an aim increasing the ability of nature to fix the carbon dioxide.
Sustainable development is concerned with engaging in development activities without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their needs. The development is characterized by the economy in the utilization of natural resources and energy. It also emphasizes on the reduction of ecological footprint emanating from production activities. One of the major contributors of carbon dioxide buildup in the atmosphere is the utilization of fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are among the scarce natural resources that need conservation (UNFCCC 39-45). Sustainability in organizations requires emphasis to be put on reducing energy consumption that directly or indirectly contributes to the reduction of the utilization of fossil fuels. Most countries have a diverse energy portfolio where the fossil fuel plays a crucial role in providing energy for domestic and industrial use. Reducing energy consumption at organizational level minimizes the reliance on fossil fuel that in turn reduces the production of greenhouse gasses. There are other processes in production activities apart from the use of fossil fuels that lead to the production of greenhouse gasses.
Organizations should be compelled to reduce carbon emission by realizing efficiency in the utilization of energy. The drive to energy conservation should emanate from the managers as well as from regulators. Organizations should be committed to sustainability by making the necessary interventions to reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses. Commitment by many organizations to reduce energy consumption leads to a national reduction of greenhouse emission. Organization should also invest in the utilization of renewable energy sources such as the wind and solar. Renewable energy sources do not have a carbon footprint that makes them reduce climate change. The regulators should play a crucial role in forcing the private sector to be committed to reducing carbon footprints. Laws are needed to compel producers to embrace sustainability in operations that in turn contributes towards managing the climate change.
In conclusion, climate change has been raising major concerns that require sound interventions. Human activities have led to the excess production of carbon dioxide that is, in turn, causing overheating of the earth’s surface. Some of the most viable solutions to climate change are increasing vegetation and sustainable development. Vegetation helps in reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide while sustainable development leads to the reduction of the emission of greenhouse gasses. Sustainable development should put emphasis on reducing the utilization of fossil fuel.
UNFCCC. Impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries. nd. Web. April 21. 2015 <https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/publications/impacts.pdf>
NOAA. Climate Change.2007. Web. April 21. 2015. < http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures/climate/Climatechange.pdf>
The Royal Society. Climate change evidence & causes. nd. Web. April 21. 2015<https://royalsociety.org/~/media/Royal_Society_Content/policy/projects/climate-evidence-causes/climate-change-evidence